Pathology is a medical specialty that deals with the study and diagnosis of diseases. Its scope is broad and encompasses various aspects of disease identification, understanding the underlying causes and mechanisms, and helping guide treatment decisions. Here are some key areas within the scope of pathology: Anatomic Pathology: This branch focuses on the examination of tissues, cells, and organs to diagnose diseases. It includes Surgical Pathology & Cytopathology. Clinical Pathology: This branch deals with laboratory testing of bodily fluids like blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid. It includes: Hematology, Microbiology, Clinical Chemistry & Immunology. Molecular Pathology, Forensic Pathology, Dermatopathology, Neuropathology, Pediatric Pathology, Transplant Pathology, Experimental Pathology. Pathologists play a vital role in patient care by providing accurate diagnoses, which guide treatment decisions made by clinicians. Their work is crucial in understanding disease processes, developing new therapies, and improving overall healthcare.
X-ray imaging uses a small dose of ionizing radiation to create two-dimensional images of bones and certain soft tissues. It is commonly used to diagnose fractures, lung infections, dental issues, and chest conditions.
Ultrasonography, often abbreviated as USG, is a medical imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the inside of the body. It is also commonly referred to as ultrasound imaging or ultrasound scanning.
Echocardiography, often referred to as an “ECHO” test, is a medical imaging technique used to assess the structure and function of the heart. It employs high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) to create real-time images of the heart’s chambers, valves, and the blood flow within them. This non-invasive and painless test provides valuable information to healthcare professionals for diagnosing various heart conditions and assessing cardiac health.
Electrocardiography (ECG) is a medical test that records the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time. It is a valuable diagnostic tool used by healthcare professionals to assess the heart’s rhythm and electrical conduction.
A Doppler ultrasound test, often simply referred to as a Doppler ultrasound, is a medical imaging technique that uses sound waves to assess blood flow through blood vessels and other organs in the body. It is a non-invasive procedure that provides valuable information about the speed and direction of blood flow, helping healthcare professionals diagnose and monitor various medical conditions.
Holter monitoring, often referred to as a Holter monitor test, is a medical diagnostic procedure used to continuously record a patient’s heart activity, specifically their electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), over an extended period of time. Unlike a standard ECG, which provides a brief snapshot of the heart’s electrical activity at a specific moment, a Holter monitor records the heart’s electrical signals continuously for an extended period, typically 24 to 48 hours or even longer.
A Pulmonary Function Test (PFT), also known as a lung function test, is a series of non-invasive breathing tests designed to assess how well your lungs are functioning. These tests provide valuable information about your lung health and can help diagnose various respiratory conditions.
Endoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the use of an endoscope, which is a thin, flexible tube with a light and a camera attached to it. This instrument is used to visually examine the interior of certain organs and structures within the body. Endoscopy is commonly performed for diagnostic and sometimes therapeutic purposes.
A colonoscopy is a medical procedure used to examine the inside of the colon, also known as the large intestine or the lower part of the digestive tract. This procedure is typically performed by a gastroenterologist, a medical doctor who specializes in the digestive system.
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a medical procedure that combines endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat conditions related to the bile ducts, pancreas, and sometimes the liver.
Dialysis is a medical treatment used for individuals with kidney failure to help remove waste products and excess fluids from the blood because their kidneys are no longer able to perform this function adequately. Dialysis is typically performed on a regular basis, often in a dialysis center, and it may take several hours each session.